- Third Quarter Revenues Totaled $544 Million, an Increase of 7 Percent from the Prior Year Quarter
- Q3 GAAP Operating Income of $30 Million and Adjusted Q3 EBITDA Totaled $72 Million, an Increase of 22 Percent from the Prior Year Quarter
- Intends to Explore Strategic Alternatives for Rail Business, Continuing the Company's Transformation to a Pure-Play Environmental Solutions Provider; Rail Business to be Reported as Discontinued Operations Beginning in the Fourth Quarter of 2021
- Q4 2021 Adjusted EBITDA Guidance Range for Continuing Operations of $55 Million to $62 Million; Range Also Includes Additional Corporate Costs ($1 Million Per Quarter) Previously Allocated to Rail
- Full Year 2021 Adjusted EBITDA Guidance Updated to Range of $248 Million To $256 Million for Continuing Operations
CAMP HILL, Pa. – (November 2, 2021) – Harsco Corporation (NYSE: HSC) today reported third quarter 2021 results. On a U.S. GAAP ("GAAP") basis, third quarter of 2021 diluted earnings per share from continuing operations were $0.11 including certain strategic costs and other unusual items. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in the third quarter of 2021 were $0.20. These figures compare with a third quarter of 2020 GAAP diluted loss per share from continuing operations of $0.10 and adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $0.08.
Harsco also announced it will explore strategic alternatives for the Rail business beginning in the first half of 2022, with the intention to sell the business. As a result, the Company will report Rail as discontinued operations beginning in the fourth quarter of 2021.
GAAP operating income from continuing operations for the third quarter of 2021 was $30 million. Adjusted EBITDA totaled $72 million in the quarter, compared to the Company's previously provided guidance range of $75 million to $81 million.
“In a challenging operating environment marked by increased inflationary pressure and supply chain constraints, our Environmental and Clean Earth businesses delivered a resilient performance supported by steady operational execution,” said Chairman and CEO Nick Grasberger. “The Environmental business benefited from strong demand in environmental services and applied products, while Clean Earth delivered growth despite project delays, end-disposal bottlenecks in the hazardous waste market and cost inflation. Results in our Rail business were impacted by weakening demand and customer deferrals, which are primarily timing related, as well as inflationary cost increases. As a result, our consolidated results for the quarter fell short of our expectations.
“As part of our effort to accelerate our journey to becoming a single-thesis environmental solutions company and to strengthen our financial flexibility, we will soon begin a formal process to sell the Rail business. While it is no longer aligned with our strategic focus, Rail remains a strong business with meaningful growth opportunities ahead. We will be diligent and thoughtful through this process with a focus on maximizing value for Harsco shareholders.
“Looking ahead, tightness in the end-disposal market for Clean Earth is beginning to ease, and we are taking action to address cost pressures across the business including through price initiatives. Underlying demand remains favorable in our Environmental and Clean Earth markets, and we are optimistic that each of our businesses will finish the year strong and that each is well positioned for growth in 2022.”
Harsco Corporation—Selected Third Quarter Results
|($ in millions, except per share amounts)||Q3 2021||Q3 2020|
|Operating income from continuing operations - GAAP||$30||$5|
|Diluted EPS from continuing operations - GAAP||$0.11||$(0.10)|
|Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items||$72||$59|
|Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items||13.2%||11.6%|
|Adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations - excluding unusual items||$0.20||$0.08|
Note: Adjusted earnings per share and adjusted EBITDA details presented throughout this release are adjusted for unusual items; in addition, adjusted earnings per share details are adjusted for acquisition-related amortization expense.
Consolidated Third Quarter Operating Results
Consolidated total revenues from continuing operations were $544 million, an increase of 7 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. Environmental and Clean Earth each realized an increase in revenues, reflective of strengthening market conditions, while Rail revenues were below the prior-year quarter due to shipment timing and the comparison to a strong third quarter of 2020. Foreign currency translation positively impacted third quarter 2021 revenues by approximately $4 million compared with the prior-year period.
GAAP operating income from continuing operations was $30 million for the third quarter of 2021, compared with $5 million in the same quarter of last year. Meanwhile, adjusted EBITDA totaled $72 million in the third quarter of 2021 versus $59 million in the third quarter of 2020. This adjusted EBITDA increase is attributable to improved performance in the Company's Environmental segment.
Third Quarter Business Review
|($ in millions)||Q3 2021||Q3 2020|
|Operating income - GAAP||$28||$12|
|Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items||$56||$40|
|Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items||20.7%||17.9%|
Environmental revenues totaled $270 million in the third quarter of 2021, an increase of 21 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. The segment's GAAP operating income and adjusted EBITDA totaled $28 million and $56 million, respectively, in the third quarter of 2021. These figures compare with GAAP operating income of $12 million and adjusted EBITDA of $40 million in the prior-year period. The year-on-year improvement in revenues and adjusted earnings is attributable to increased demand for environmental services and applied products. Also, general and administrative expenditures were lower than the prior-year period. As a result, Environmental's adjusted EBITDA margin increased to 20.7 percent in the third quarter of 2021 versus 17.9 percent in the comparable-quarter of 2020.
|($ in millions)||Q3 2021||Q3 2020|
|Operating income - GAAP||$10||$9|
|Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items||$21||$20|
|Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items||10.2%||10.4%|
Note: The 2020 financial information provided above and discussed below for Clean Earth does not include a corporate cost allocation for ESOL.
Clean Earth revenues totaled $200 million in the third quarter of 2021, an increase of 3 percent compared with the prior-year quarter. The revenue increase is attributable to increased environmental services demand related to hazardous waste from retail and healthcare customers, with these positive impacts partially offset by lower hazardous waste volumes from industrial customers as a result of supply-chain challenges and also by lower services demand within the soil-dredge materials line of business due to project timing.
Segment operating income was $10 million and adjusted EBITDA totaled $21 million in the third quarter of 2021. These figures compare with $9 million of operating income and adjusted EBITDA of $20 million, respectively, in the prior-year period. The change in adjusted earnings is attributable to higher hazardous waste volumes and integration improvement benefits, partially offset by container and transportation cost inflation and personnel investments to support the Clean Earth platform.
|($ in millions)||Q3 2021||Q3 2020|
|Operating income (loss) - GAAP||$2||$4|
|Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items||$3||$5|
|Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items||4.4%||5.8%|
Rail revenues totaled $74 million compared with $93 million in the prior-year quarter. This change in revenues is due to lower equipment volumes and shipment timing, partially offset by an increase in aftermarket parts volumes. The segment's operating income and adjusted EBITDA totaled $2 million and $3 million, respectively, in the third quarter of 2021, and these figures compare with $4 million of operating income and adjusted EBITDA of $5 million, respectively, in the prior-year quarter. The EBITDA performance year-on-year reflects the above items along with the impact of materials cost inflation.
Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $33 million in the third quarter of 2021, compared with net cash provided by operating activities of $21 million in the prior-year period. Free cash flow was nominal in the third quarter of 2021, compared with $18 million in the prior-year period. The change in free cash flow compared with the prior-year quarter is principally related to higher capital expenditures, some of which were deferred from 2020, as well as the timing of working capital items.
Exploring Strategic Alternatives for Harsco Rail
Harsco began its journey to becoming an environmental solutions company more than two years ago with the acquisition of Clean Earth. Since that time, Harsco acquired the Environmental Solutions business of Stericycle and has disposed of three industrial businesses. As a result, the Rail business is no longer aligned with Harsco's strategic direction, and the Company has concluded it is the appropriate time to begin a formal evaluation of strategic alternatives for the business. Effective with the Company's fourth quarter of 2021 financial results, Rail will be reclassified as held for sale and reported as discontinued operations.
The Company has engaged Goldman Sachs & Co. LLC to conduct this sale process. No assurance can be given that any transaction will result from the exploration of the Company's strategic alternatives for its Rail businesses or the timing thereof. Further, the Company does not intend to comment on or provide updates regarding these matters unless and until it determines that further disclosure is appropriate or required based on the then-current facts and circumstances.
The Company's 2021 guidance now excludes Rail, as it will be reported as a discontinued operations going forward. Environmental's 2021 outlook is largely unchanged, while guidance includes a modest revision to Clean Earth's outlook due to infrastructure project delays and disposal constraints as well materials and labor inflation, partially offset by lower administrative spending. This outlook also reflects lower anticipated Corporate spending. Full Year comments by segments are as follows:
Environmental. For the year, the primary drivers for an increase in adjusted EBITDA compared with 2020 are expected to be favorable demand for underlying services and products as well as higher commodity prices.
Clean Earth. For the year, adjusted EBITDA is projected to increase due to the full-year impact of ESOL ownership, underlying organic growth for hazardous material services and integration benefits, partially offset by materials-labor inflation, lower soil-dredge materials volumes, an additional allocation of Corporate costs and investments which include various non-recurring expenditures.
Lastly, adjusted Corporate spending is expected to be approximately $38 million for the year. This figure includes the $4 million of Corporate costs previously allocated to Rail, less the impact of lower overall spending.
Summary Outlook highlights are as follows:
2021 Full Year Outlook (Continuing Operations)
|GAAP Operating Income||$85 - $92 million|
|Adjusted EBITDA||$248 - $256 million|
|GAAP Diluted Earnings Per Share||$0.12 - 0.14|
|Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share||$0.51 - 0.54|
|Free Cash Flow Before Growth Capital||$55 - $65 million|
|Free Cash Flow||$5 - $15 million|
|Net Interest Expense||$62 - $63 million|
|Net Capital Expenditures||$130 - $135 million|
|Effective Tax Rate, Excluding Any Unusual Items||44 - 48%|
Q4 2021 Outlook (Continuing Operations)
|GAAP Operating Income||$13 - $20 million|
|Adjusted EBITDA||$55 - $62 million|
|GAAP Diluted Earnings Per Share||$(0.02) - 0.01|
|Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share||$0.06 - 0.09|
The Company will hold a conference call today at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time to discuss its results and respond to questions from the investment community. The conference call will be broadcast live through the Harsco Corporation website at www.harsco.com. The Company will refer to a slide presentation that accompanies its formal remarks. The slide presentation will be available on the Company’s website.
The call can also be accessed by telephone by dialing (833) 651-7826 or (414) 238-0989. Enter Conference ID number 7077356.
The nature of the Company's business, together with the number of countries in which it operates, subject it to changing economic, competitive, regulatory and technological conditions, risks and uncertainties. In accordance with the "safe harbor" provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company provides the following cautionary remarks regarding important factors that, among others, could cause future results to differ materially from the results contemplated by forward-looking statements, including the expectations and assumptions expressed or implied herein. Forward-looking statements contained herein could include, among other things, statements about management's confidence in and strategies for performance; expectations for new and existing products, technologies and opportunities; and expectations regarding growth, sales, cash flows, and earnings. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of such terms as "may," "could," "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "believe," "likely," "estimate," "outlook," "plan" or other comparable terms.
Factors that could cause actual results to differ, perhaps materially, from those implied by forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: (1) changes in the worldwide business environment in which the Company operates, including changes in general economic conditions or changes due to COVID-19 and governmental and market reactions to COVID-19; (2) changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates, commodity and fuel costs and capital costs; (3) changes in the performance of equity and bond markets that could affect, among other things, the valuation of the assets in the Company's pension plans and the accounting for pension assets, liabilities and expenses; (4) changes in governmental laws and regulations, including environmental, occupational health and safety, tax and import tariff standards and amounts; (5) market and competitive changes, including pricing pressures, market demand and acceptance for new products, services and technologies; (6) the Company's inability or failure to protect its intellectual property rights from infringement in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates; (7) failure to effectively prevent, detect or recover from breaches in the Company's cybersecurity infrastructure; (8) unforeseen business disruptions in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates due to political instability, civil disobedience, armed hostilities, public health issues or other calamities; (9) disruptions associated with labor disputes and increased operating costs associated with union organization; (10) the seasonal nature of the Company's business; (11) the Company's ability to successfully enter into new contracts and complete new acquisitions or strategic ventures in the time-frame contemplated, or at all; (12) the Company's ability to negotiate, complete, and integrate strategic transactions; (13) failure to conduct and complete a satisfactory process for the divestiture of the Rail division, as announced on November 2, 2021; (14) potential severe volatility in the capital or commodity markets; (15) failure to retain key management and employees; (16) the outcome of any disputes with customers, contractors and subcontractors; (17) the financial condition of the Company's customers, including the ability of customers (especially those that may be highly leveraged, have inadequate liquidity or whose business is significantly impacted by COVID-19) to maintain their credit availability; (18) implementation of environmental remediation matters; (19) risk and uncertainty associated with intangible assets and (20) other risk factors listed from time to time in the Company's SEC reports. A further discussion of these, along with other potential risk factors, can be found in Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors," of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020. The Company cautions that these factors may not be exhaustive and that many of these factors are beyond the Company's ability to control or predict. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. The Company undertakes no duty to update forward-looking statements except as may be required by law.
Measurements of financial performance not calculated in accordance with GAAP should be considered as supplements to, and not substitutes for, performance measurements calculated or derived in accordance with GAAP. Any such measures are not necessarily comparable to other similarly-titled measurements employed by other companies.
Adjusted diluted earnings per share: Adjusted diluted earnings per share is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations adjusted for unusual items and acquisition-related intangible asset amortization expense. It is important to note that such intangible assets contribute to revenue generation and that intangible asset amortization related to past acquisitions will recur in future periods until such intangible assets have been fully amortized. The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. Exclusion of acquisition-related intangible asset amortization expense, the amount of which can vary by the timing, size and nature of the Company’s acquisitions, facilitates more consistent internal comparisons of operating results over time between the Company’s newly acquired and long-held businesses, and comparisons with both acquisitive and non-acquisitive peer companies.
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA: Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment fees, amendment fees and loss on extinguishment of debt; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs). The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA and Corporate Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance.
Free cash flow: Free cash flow is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of net cash provided (used) by operating activities less capital expenditures and expenditures for intangible assets; and plus capital expenditures for strategic ventures, total proceeds from sales of assets and transaction-related expenditures. Growth capital expenditures are added back to arrive at Free cash flow before growth capital expenditures. The Company's management believes that Free cash flow and Free cash flow before growth capital expenditures are meaningful to investors because management reviews Free cash flow and Free cash flow before growth capital expenditures for planning and performance evaluation purposes. It is important to note that Free cash flow and Free cash flow before growth capital expenditures do not represent the total residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures since other non-discretionary expenditures, such as mandatory debt service requirements and settlements of foreign currency forward exchange contracts, are not deducted from this measure. The projected twelve months ending December 31, 2021 Free cash flow and Free cash flow before growth capital expenditures excludes the Harsco Rail Segment since the segment will be reported as discontinued operations in the fourth quarter of 2021. This presentation provides a basis for comparison of ongoing operations and prospects.
About Harsco Corporation
Harsco Corporation is a global market leader providing environmental solutions for industrial and specialty waste streams and innovative technologies for the rail sector. Based in Camp Hill, PA, the 12,000-employee company operates in more than 30 countries. Harsco’s common stock is a component of the S&P SmallCap 600 Index and the Russell 2000 Index. Additional information can be found at www.harsco.com.